Book of Zechariah Study (Page 2: Chapters 4-6)
by Marshall Beeber
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Chapters 4 thru 6: Night Visions & Coronation of Joshua
B. The Night Visions Of Zechariah (Zech. 4:1 to 6:8)
5. Vision # 5 (The Vision of the Gold Lamp Stand and the Two Olive Trees)
a. Zech . 4:1-3 Then the angel who talked with me returned and wakened me, as a man is wakened from his sleep. He asked me "What do you see?" I answered, "I see a solid gold lamp stand with a bowl at the top and seven lights on it, with seven channels to the lights. Also there are two olive trees by it one on the right of the bowl and the other on its left. (To be interpreted by the angel in Zech. 4 )
b.Zech. 4:4-14 The Angel Gives Zechariah The Vision's Interpretation
i. Zech. 4:6 This is the word of the Lord to Zerubbabel
(a.) its a prophecy for Zechariah's time (521 B.C.)
(b.) refer to Ezra 5:1-2 for the chronicle of the rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem.
(c.) Zech. 4:6 states the Lord's total command of events "Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit says the Lord Almighty."
ii. Zech. 4:8-9 The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this temple, his hands will also complete it.
(a.) The temple's rebuilding took almost twenty years to complete (535 to 515 B.C.)
iii. Zech.4:10 Who despises the day of small things? Men will rejoice when they see the plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel .
(a.) The Lord is warning Israel not to mourn over the relative smallness of the new temple, but rather to rejoice.
(b.) Read Haggai 2:20-23
iv. Zech.4:10-14 The angel interprets the vision
(a.) Zech.4:10 The seven eyes are the eyes of the Lord which range throughout the earth. (ref. Zech.1:10)
(b.) Zech.4:11-12 What are these two olive trees ....these two olive branches,....
v. Zech. 4:14 So he said, These are the two who are anointed to serve the Lord of all the earth. (ref. Dan.9:25)
6. Vision # 6 (Israel's curse - the Flying Scroll & Woman in Basket)
a. Zech. 5:1-2 I looked again and there before me was a flying scroll.
b. Zech. 5:3-4 And he said to me "This is the curse that is going out over the whole land; for according to what it says on one side, every thief will be banished, and according to what it says on the other, everyone who swears falsely will be banished. Zech.5:7-8 Then the cover of lead was raised and there in the basket sat a woman. He said, "This is wickedness" and he pushed her back... (ref. Hosea 1:2-3, 3:1-5 )
c. Zech. 5:5-11 Then I looked up and there were two women.... and they lifted the basket between heaven and earth. i.Jer.29:4-5 The Lord will remove sin from Israel.
7. Vision #7 The Four Chariots (Zech. 6:1-8)
a. Zech. 6:1-4 I looked up again- and there before me were four chariots coming out from between two mountains - mountains of bronze. The first chariot had red horses, the second black, the third white, the fourth dappled - all of them powerful. I asked the angel who was speaking to me "What are these, my Lord?"
b. Zech. 6:5-6 The angel answered me "These are the four spirits of heaven, going out from standing in the presence of the Lord over the whole earth."
i. It appears that these same four spirits are present in Rev. 6:2-5 in the vision of the "seven seals."
ii. We also see reference to the same spirits being present over the four wind (corners) of the earth. (Ez. 37:9 , Mt. 24:31, Rev.7:1)c . Zech. 6:7 When the powerful horses went out, they were strained to go throughout the earth. And he said, "go throughout the earth!" So they went throughout the earth,
i. We see the same "going throughout the earth in Zech. 1:8-11
d. Zech. 6:8 Then he called to me, "Look, those going toward the north country have given my Spirit rest in the land of the north."
i. We see how the Lord's Spirit is not at rest until judgments and repentance have been accomplished. (Ez. 5:13 , Ez. 24:13, Zech. 1:10)
ii. This final vision is a sign of the Lord's universal control over the events of the future.
C. The Coronation of Joshua (Zech.6:9-15)
1. Zechariah is no longer having visions, but is receiving instructions from the Lord over the crowning of Joshua (or Jeshua) as high priest.
a. Apparently, we are now concerned with the "Post Babylonian Exilic Period" (535-515 B.C.).
2. Zech. 6:9-11 Take the silver and gold and make a crown, and set it upon the head of Joshua son of Jehozadak.
a. Joshua is also known as Jeshua in Ezra 2:2, 3:2 b. Joshua is previously mentioned in Zechariah's night vision being cleansed for the Lords anointed position of high priest. Zech. 3:1
3. Zech. 6:12 Tell him this is what the Lord Almighty says; "Here is the man whose name is Branch and he will branch out from his place and build the temple of the Lord,
a. Again we see Joshua being symbolized as the Branch, which is the symbol for the Messiah to come.
i. refer to Zech. 3:7-8, Jer. 23:5, Jer. 33:15, Is. 4:2
4. Zech.6:13-15 It is he who will build the temple of the Lord.....
a. These verses pertain to Joshua the high priest, but also have reference to the Messiah Yeshua in the Messianic Age. (Is.60:10, Is.58:12, Zech.2:11, Zech.3:7)
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