Click For Zechariah Study Selection
2: Chapters 4 - 6
3: Chapters 7 - 10
4: Chapters 11 -14
14 & the Neutron Bomb
Chapters 1 thru 3; The Call To Repentance & Night Visions
A.The Call To
Repentance (Zech. 1:1-6)
1. The opening words of
Zechariah follow in the wake of Haggai's message of
encouragement at Succoth (The Feast of Tabernacles) (Zech.
1:1-6). Return to me (t'shuvah). Declares the Lord Almighty and
I will return to you, says the Lord Almighty.
Zech. 1:4-6 Do not be like your forefathers, to whom the earlier
a. 2 Chronicles 36:15-21 (The fall of
b . 2
Kings 24 & 25 (Kings Jehoiakim, Jehoiakin & Zedekiah)
c. Jeremiah 39 (Jeremiah's
account of Judah's fall)
3. Zech. l;6 Then, they repented
and said "The Lord Almighty has done to us what our ways and
practices deserve, just as he determined to do.
a. Nehemiah 9:33-36
B. The Night
Visions Of Zechariah (Zech.1:7 to 3:10)
1. Vision #1 (The Man Among The
Myrtle Trees) Zech.1:7 to 1:17
a. The 24th day of the
11th month (Shebat), in the second year of Darius
(536 B.C.), Zechariah received the first of the
b. The vision of a man riding a
red horse, standing among the myrtle trees in a ravine. Behind
him were red, brown and white horses.
c. The angel who was talking with
me answered, They are the ones (angels) the Lord has sent to go
throughout the earth and report to the angel of the Lord who is
standing by the myrtle trees; We have gone throughout the earth
and found the whole earth at rest and peace.
i. Significance of the
myrtle trees: Isaiah 55:1.3 (Hadassah) The myrtle tree is to be
a sign of the Messianic Age and the Lords blessing of a cursed
land. (Also Is.44:19)
ii. Smiths Bible
Dictionary comment on the myrtle tree: Myrtle is still used to
adorn the sukkah during the Feast of Tabernacles (Succoth).
Myrtle used to grow about the hills of Jerusalem millennia ago.
It emits a perfume more exquisite than the rose.
iii. The myrtle tree is a probable
sign that the vision of the angel among the myrtle trees is far
into the future. (The Messianic Age).
The significance of these angels going through the entire earth
is that of the Lord's total control of events throughout time.
e. Zech.l:14 Then the angel who
was speaking to me said, "Proclaim this word, This is what the
Lord Almighty said, "I am very jealous for Jerusalem, but I am
very angry with the nations that feel secure. I was only a
little angry, but they added to the calamity.
i. Jer.48:ll God's judgment
of Judah's .enemies
ii. Amos 1;11 judgment
of Israel's? enemies.
f. Zech.1:16 I will return to
Jerusalem with mercy and then my house will be rebuilt.
(Two-fold fulfillment. Both the rebuilding of the temple in 535
B.C. and temple to be built in the Messianic Age (Ezekiel. 40 &
g. My towns will again overflow
with prosperity and the Lord will again comfort Zion and choose
Jerusalem. (Same two fold fulfillment as above.)
#2 (The Four Horns And The Four Craftsmen)(Zech.1:18-21)
a. Zech.1:19 These are the horns (governments or empires), that
scattered Judah, Israel & Jerusalem.
i. Note that these horns
are not only responsible for Judah's captivity, but also for
Israel, refer to Daniel. 7 , where four beast are representing
four empires., (Babylon, which is present at that time and three
others to arise consecutively; Persia, Greece and Rome,)
b. Zech 1:21 The craftsmen (angels) have
come to terrify them and to throw down these horns of the
i. This vision is
probably in the same interpretive sense That Daniel 7 is. That
is, The Lord is speaking out of time, 3.5 if all the satanic
worldly governments throughout history have already been
destroyed and His kingdom established.
3. Vision #3 (The
Vision Of The Man With The Measuring Line)
Zechariah, in a vision, meets a man who is measuring the new
parameters for the city of Jerusalem. The angel from the second
vision leaves and another angel approaches. The new angel meets
the man measuring and says:
Zech.2:4-5 "Jerusalem will be a city without walls, because of
the great number of men and livestock in it. And I myself will
be a wall of fire around it, declares the Lord, and I will be
its glory within.
(a) Nehemiah 2 to 6 As we
read in the book of Nehemiah, Jerusalem after the Babylonian
captivity was surrounded by a wall, so this rebuilding must
occur much later.
(b) Looking at this
passage from a prophetic viewpoint, we are reading of the
Jerusalem that will exist in the Messianic Age. (References:
Zech.14:5-6, Is:60:19, Rev.22:5)
ii. We see
then, how God is leapfrogging in historical events, from the
rebuilding of Jerusalem (536 to 460 EC), to the Messianic Age.
(references: Zech.14:5-6, Is.60:19, Rev.22:5)
(a) Why then are we
leapfrogging through time?
Some. Possible answers are:
1.) For Israel to put its hope in God's
universal redemptive work.
2.) To instruct future generations of believers in God's
plan of redemption of Israel and the world.
3.) What else? .....
b. Zech. 2:6-9 Back to
Zechariah's time, but with a lesson for future generations.
promises to punish those nations that plundered Israel . (Zech.
refer back to the first vision of the man among the myrtle trees
(Zech . 1 : 14) and its references,
c. Zech, 2; 10-13 God again
leapfrogs into the Messianic Age
2:10 "For I am coming, and I will live among you, declares the
Lord. (References: Zech. 14:4, 9, Is. 11:10-12, Is.17;7-13, Is.
33:17-24, Is, 52:8)
2:1.1 "Many nations will be joined with the Lord in that day and
will become my people: (References: Micah 4:1-5, 11:10-12, Is.
49:21-30, Is. 60:8-12)
3:12-13 "The Lord will inherit Judah as his portion in the holy
land and will again choose Jerusalem, references: Is . 40 : 2 .,
Is . 32:1-3, Is. 60:10, Is .61 : 7-11)
4. Vision # 4
(The Vision Of Clean Garments For The High Priest) Zech.3
a. Zech.3:1-2 "Then he
showed me Joshua, the high priest standing before the angel of
the Lord and Satan at his right side to accuse him .
i. Who is
Joshua? is it the Joshua from Moses time, or the high priest
chosen at Israel's return from captivity by Babylon?
(references: Haggai 1:1, Ezra 2:2) (note that in Zechariah,
Joshua & Jeshua are used interchangeably.)
b. Zech.3:3-5 Now
Joshua was dressed in filthy clothes as he stood before the
angel. The angel said to those who were standing before him,
"Take off those filthy clothes". Then he said to Joshua, "See, I
have taken away your sin, and I have put rich garments on you".
i. Let us
refer to the one saying "I have taken away your sin". It appears
to be the angel attending Joshua. No angel the authority to
forgive sin, except "The angel of the Lord who is Messiah.
(reference; Zech.3:5, Mk.2:05, Luke 5)
c. Zech. 3:6-7 The angel of
the Lord gave this charge to Joshua, "If you walk in my ways and
keep my requirements then you will govern my house and have
charge of the courts and I will give you a place among these
appears that Joshua is a "type" of Messiah.
d. Zech. 3:7-8 Listen Oh
high priest Joshua and your associates seated before you , who
are symbolic of things to come, I am going to bring my servant
i. Joshua is
therefore a symbol of the Branch) a descriptive title for the
Messiah. (references; Jer. 23:.5 , Jer.33:15, Zech,6:12 , Is
e. Zech.3:9 See the
stone I have set before you in front of Joshua. There are seven
eyes (facets) on that one stone and I will engrave an
inscription on it says the Lord almighty and I will remove the
sin of this land in a single day.
number of facets on the stone is seven. Seven signifies God's
ii. We see
Joshua.. represents the Messiah in the future.
are some references for God removing the sin from Israel; Jer.
50:20, Is. 10:20, Ez. 36:27, 15,43:25
f. Zech. 3:10 In. that
day each one of you will invite his neighbor to sit under his
vine and fig tree declares the Lord Almighty.
i. I Kings
4:25 uses this quote as an expression of peace and prosperity .
36:16 Sennacherib, king of Assyria uses this quote as an
expression of peace and prosperity.
4:3-4 The same quote is used to describe the tranquility
existing during the Messianic Age.