An Overview of the Study
The purpose of this
study is to better understand the many prophecies given to the nation
of Israel concerning the return or reign of the Messiah in the "Latter
Days". The term "Latter Days" is used in both New and Old Covenant
scriptures describing the events surrounding the coming of the Messiah
and the age following His coming.
This study shows
both Christians and Jews that the purposes of God toward both the
nation of Israel and the Church are inseparable, and in many cases
identical. The tremendous literary weight of these scriptures leads us
to an understanding that Yeshua (Jesus) himself will initiate a
reconciliation with Israel and will include the Church in many of the
blessings promised to Israel in the future.
The mystery of what will
become of both Israel and the Church is not really hard to solve. It
appears that the Lord will merge the Israeli national identity and the
Christian identity in that day. I believe that such an understanding
will promote a deeper appreciation of Israel's purpose in God's
prophetic plan for the Christian reader, and reveal the Lord's great
love and merciful intentions to the Jewish reader.
Topic 1 - New Covenant reference to Israel's future
Romans 11: 25-27 I do not want you to be ignorant
of this mystery brothers, so that you may not be conceited: Israel
has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of
Gentiles has come in. And so will all Israel be saved, as it is
written: "The deliverer will come from Zion; he will turn
godlessness away from Jacob. And this is my covenant with them when
I take away their sins."
Topic 2 - The Messiah will have compassion on Israel and save them in
a time of peril
Isaiah 40:1-5 Comfort, comfort my people, says your
God. Speak tenderly to Jerusalem, and proclaim to her that her hard
service has been completed, that her sin has been paid for, that she
has received from the Lord's hand double for all her sins. A voice
of one calling: "In the desert prepare the way for the LORD ; make
straight in the wilderness a highway for our God. Every valley shall
be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground
shall become level, the rugged places a plain. And the glory of the
LORD will be revealed, and all mankind together will see it. For the
mouth of the LORD has spoken."
Isaiah 52:1-3 Awake, awake, O Zion, clothe yourself
with strength. Put on your garments of splendor, O Jerusalem, the
holy city. The uncircumcised and defiled will not enter you again.
Shake off your dust; rise up, sit enthroned, O Jerusalem. Free
yourself from the chains on your neck, O captive Daughter of Zion.
For this is what the LORD says: "You were sold for nothing, and
without money you will be redeemed."
Isaiah 54:6-8 The LORD will call you back as if you
were a wife deserted and distressed in spirit-- a wife who married
young, only to be rejected," says your God. "For a brief moment I
abandoned you, but with deep compassion I will bring you back. In a
surge of anger I hid my face from you for a moment, but with
everlasting kindness I will have compassion on you," says the LORD
Hosea 2:14-16 "Therefore I am now going to allure
her; I will lead her into the desert and speak tenderly to her.
There I will give her back her vineyards, and will make the Valley
of Achor a door of hope. There she will sing as in the days of her
youth, as in the day she came up out of Egypt. "In that day,"
declares the LORD, "you will call me 'my husband'; you will no
longer call me 'my master.'
Zephaniah 3:14-17 Sing, O Daughter of Zion; shout
aloud, O Israel! Be glad and rejoice with all your heart, O Daughter
of Jerusalem! The LORD has taken away your punishment, he has turned
back your enemy. The LORD, the King of Israel, is with you; never
again will you fear any harm. On that day they will say to
Jerusalem, "Do not fear, O Zion; do not let your hands hang limp.
The LORD your God is with you, he is mighty to save. He will take
great delight in you, he will quiet you with his love, he will
rejoice over you with singing."
Zechariah 8:13-15 As you have been an object of
cursing among the nations, O Judah and Israel, so will I save you,
and you will be a blessing. Do not be afraid, but let your hands be
strong." This is what the LORD Almighty says: "Just as I had
determined to bring disaster upon you and showed no pity when your
fathers angered me," says the LORD Almighty, "so now I have
determined to do good again to Jerusalem and Judah. Do not be
Zechariah 8:23 This is what the LORD Almighty says:
"In those days ten men from all languages and nations will take firm
hold of one Jew by the hem of his robe and say, 'Let us go with you,
because we have heard that God is with you."
Topic 3 - The Messiah to unite Israel with Gentile believers
Isaiah 49:19-21 19 "Though you were ruined and made
desolate and your land laid waste, now you will be too small for
your people, and those who devoured you will be far away. The
children born during your bereavement will yet say in your hearing,
'This place is too small for us; give us more space to live in.'
Then you will say in your heart, 'Who bore me these? I was bereaved
and barren; I was exiled and rejected. Who brought these up? I was
left all alone, but these--where have they come from?'"
Isaiah 54:1-3 "Sing, O barren woman, you who never
bore a child; burst into song, shout for joy, you who were never in
labor; because more are the children of the desolate woman than of
her who has a husband," says the LORD. "Enlarge the place of your
tent, stretch your tent curtains wide, do not hold back; lengthen
your cords, strengthen your stakes. For you will spread out to the
right and to the left; your descendants will dispossess nations and
settle in their desolate cities.
Zechariah 2:10 "Shout and be glad, O Daughter of
Zion. For I am coming, and I will live among you," declares the
LORD. "Many nations will be joined with the LORD in that day and
will become my people. I will live among you and you will know that
the LORD Almighty has sent me to you.
Topic 4 - The Messiah will bring world peace
Topic 5 - Israel's enemies will be removed
33:17-20 17 Your eyes will see the king in his beauty and
view a land that stretches afar. In your thoughts you will ponder
the former terror: "Where is that chief officer? Where is the one
who took the revenue? Where is the officer in charge of the towers?"
You will see those arrogant people no more, those people of an
obscure speech, with their strange, incomprehensible tongue. Look
upon Zion, the city of our festivals; your eyes will see Jerusalem,
a peaceful abode, a tent that will not be moved; its stakes will
never be pulled up, nor any of its ropes broken.
Topic 6 - The
Messiah will dwell in Zion (Jerusalem)
Many peoples will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain
of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his
ways, so that we may walk in his paths." The law will go out from
Zion, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
Topic 7 -
The Messiah will be king over all the earth and only the God of Israel
will be worshipped
14:1-9 A day of the LORD is coming when your plunder will
be divided among you. I will gather all the nations to Jerusalem to
fight against it; the city will be captured, the houses ransacked,
and the women raped. Half of the city will go into exile, but the
rest of the people will not be taken from the city. Then the LORD
will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights in the day
of battle. On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives,
east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from
east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain
moving north and half moving south. You will flee by my mountain
valley, for it will extend to Azel. You will flee as you fled from
the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the LORD my
God will come, and all the holy ones with him. On that day there
will be no light, no cold or frost. It will be a unique day, without
daytime or nighttime--a day known to the LORD. When evening comes,
there will be light. On that day living water will flow out from
Jerusalem, half to the eastern sea and half to the western sea, in
summer and in winter. The LORD will be king over the whole earth. On
that day there will be one LORD, and his name the only name.
Topic 8 -
Israel will repent when visited by the Messiah Yeshua (Jesus)
12:10 "And I will pour out on the house of David and the
inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They
will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for
him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as
one grieves for a firstborn son. On that day the weeping in
Jerusalem will be great, like the weeping of Hadad Rimmon in the
plain of Megiddo. The land will mourn, each clan by itself, with
their wives by themselves: the clan of the house of David and their
wives, the clan of the house of Nathan and their wives, the clan of
the house of Levi and their wives, the clan of Shimei and their
wives, and all the rest of the clans and their wives. "On that day a
fountain will be opened to the house of David and the inhabitants of
Jerusalem, to cleanse them from sin and impurity.
Topic 9 - The
Davidic Kingdom restored to Israel through the Messiah
"'My servant David will be king over them, and
they will all have one shepherd. They will follow my laws and be
careful to keep my decrees. They will live in the land I gave to my
servant Jacob, the land where your fathers lived. They and their
children and their children's children will live there forever, and
David my servant will be their prince forever.
As for you, O watchtower of the flock, O stronghold of the Daughter
of Zion, the former dominion will be restored to you; kingship will
come to the Daughter of Jerusalem."
Topic 10 - A
new temple of worship will be built on Mount Zion upon Messiah's reign
43:6-7 While the man was standing beside me, I heard
someone speaking to me from inside the temple. He said: "Son of man,
this is the place of my throne and the place for the soles of my
feet. This is where I will live among the Israelites forever. The
house of Israel will never again defile my holy name--neither they
nor their kings--by their prostitution and the lifeless idols of
their kings at their high places.
44:10 "'The Levites who went far from me when Israel went
astray and who wandered from me after their idols must bear the
consequences of their sin. They may serve in my sanctuary, having
charge of the gates of the temple and serving in it; they may
slaughter the burnt offerings and sacrifices for the people and
stand before the people and serve them.
Topic 11 - World wide celebration of the Feast of Tablenacles (Succoth)
14:16-17 Then the survivors from all the nations that have
attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King,
the LORD Almighty, and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. If any
of the peoples of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the
King, the LORD Almighty, they will have no rain.
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Promises Given To Israel"
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