of the Study
The purpose of this study is
to better understand the many prophecies given to the nation of
Israel concerning the return or reign of the Messiah in the
"Latter Days". The term "Latter Days" is used in both New and
Old Covenant scriptures describing the events surrounding the
coming of the Messiah and the age following His coming.
This study shows both Christians and Jews
that the purposes of God toward both the nation of Israel and
the Church are inseparable, and in many cases identical. The
tremendous literary weight of these scriptures leads us to an
understanding that Yeshua (Jesus) himself will initiate a
reconciliation with Israel and will include the Church in many
of the blessings promised to Israel in the future.
The mystery of what will
become of both Israel and the Church is not really hard to
solve. It appears that the Lord will merge the Israeli national
identity and the Christian identity in that day.
Topic 1 - New Covenant
reference to Israel's future
Romans 11: 25-27
I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery brothers, so
that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a
hardening in part until the full number of Gentiles has come in.
And so will all Israel be saved, as it is written: "The
deliverer will come from Zion; he will turn godlessness away
from Jacob. And this is my covenant with them when I take away
2 - The Messiah will have compassion on Israel and save
them in a time of peril
In that day the Root of
Jesse will stand as a banner, for the peoples; the nations will
rally to him... He will raise a banner for the nations and
gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered
people of Judah from the four corners of the earth.
O people of Zion who
live in Jerusalem, you will weep no more. How gracious he will
be when you cry for help.
Isaiah 40:1-5 Comfort,
comfort my people, says your God. Speak tenderly to Jerusalem,
and proclaim to her that her hard service has been completed,
that her sin has been paid for, that she has received from the
Lord's hand double for all her sins. A voice of one calling: "In
the desert prepare the way for the LORD ; make straight in the
wilderness a highway for our God. Every valley shall be raised
up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall
become level, the rugged places a plain. And the glory of the
LORD will be revealed, and all mankind together will see it. For
the mouth of the LORD has spoken."
awake, O Zion, clothe yourself with strength. Put on your
garments of splendor, O Jerusalem, the holy city. The
uncircumcised and defiled will not enter you again. Shake off
your dust; rise up, sit enthroned, O Jerusalem. Free yourself
from the chains on your neck, O captive Daughter of Zion. For
this is what the LORD says: "You were sold for nothing, and
without money you will be redeemed."
54:6-8 The LORD
will call you back as if you were a wife deserted and distressed
in spirit-- a wife who married young, only to be rejected," says
your God. "For a brief moment I abandoned you, but with deep
compassion I will bring you back. In a surge of anger I hid my
face from you for a moment, but with everlasting kindness I will
have compassion on you," says the LORD your Redeemer.
"Therefore I am now going to allure her; I will lead her into
the desert and speak tenderly to her. There I will give her back
her vineyards, and will make the Valley of Achor a door of hope.
There she will sing as in the days of her youth, as in the day
she came up out of Egypt. "In that day," declares the LORD, "you
will call me 'my husband'; you will no longer call me 'my
Sing, O Daughter of Zion; shout aloud, O Israel! Be glad and
rejoice with all your heart, O Daughter of Jerusalem! The LORD
has taken away your punishment, he has turned back your enemy.
The LORD, the King of Israel, is with you; never again will you
fear any harm. On that day they will say to Jerusalem, "Do not
fear, O Zion; do not let your hands hang limp. The LORD your God
is with you, he is mighty to save. He will take great delight in
you, he will quiet you with his love, he will rejoice over you
As you have been an object of cursing among the nations, O Judah
and Israel, so will I save you, and you will be a blessing. Do
not be afraid, but let your hands be strong." This is what the
LORD Almighty says: "Just as I had determined to bring disaster
upon you and showed no pity when your fathers angered me," says
the LORD Almighty, "so now I have determined to do good again to
Jerusalem and Judah. Do not be afraid.
This is what the LORD Almighty says: "In those days ten men from
all languages and nations will take firm hold of one Jew by the
hem of his robe and say, 'Let us go with you, because we have
heard that God is with you."
Topic 3 - The
Messiah to unite Israel with Gentile believers
"Though you were ruined and made desolate and your land laid
waste, now you will be too small for your people, and those who
devoured you will be far away. The children born during your
bereavement will yet say in your hearing, 'This place is too
small for us; give us more space to live in.' Then you will say
in your heart, 'Who bore me these? I was bereaved and barren; I
was exiled and rejected. Who brought these up? I was left all
alone, but these--where have they come from?'"
"Sing, O barren woman, you who never bore a child; burst into
song, shout for joy, you who were never in labor; because more
are the children of the desolate woman than of her who has a
husband," says the LORD. "Enlarge the place of your tent,
stretch your tent curtains wide, do not hold back; lengthen your
cords, strengthen your stakes. For you will spread out to the
right and to the left; your descendants will dispossess nations
and settle in their desolate cities.
"Shout and be glad, O Daughter of Zion. For I am coming, and I
will live among you," declares the LORD. "Many nations will be
joined with the LORD in that day and will become my people. I
will live among you and you will know that the LORD Almighty has
sent me to you.
Topic 4 - The Messiah
will bring world peace
He will judge between the nations and will settle disputes for
many peoples. They will beat their swords into plowshares and
their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword
against nation, nor will they train for war anymore.
Topic 5 - Israel's
enemies will be removed
Your eyes will see the king in his beauty and view a land that
stretches afar. In your thoughts you will ponder the former
terror: "Where is that chief officer? Where is the one who took
the revenue? Where is the officer in charge of the towers?" You
will see those arrogant people no more, those people of an
obscure speech, with their strange, incomprehensible tongue.
Look upon Zion, the city of our festivals; your eyes will see
Jerusalem, a peaceful abode, a tent that will not be moved; its
stakes will never be pulled up, nor any of its ropes broken.
"All who rage against you will surely be ashamed
and disgraced; thopose you will be as nothing and perish. Though
you search for your enemies, you will not find them. Those who
wage war against you will be as nothing at all.
Topic 6 -
The Messiah will dwell in Zion (Jerusalem)
Many peoples will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the
mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will
teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths." The law
will go out from Zion, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
This is what the LORD says: "I will return to Zion and dwell in
Jerusalem. Then Jerusalem will be called the City of Truth, and
the mountain of the LORD Almighty will be called the Holy
Topic 7 -
The Messiah will be king over all the earth and only the God of
Israel will be worshipped
Zechariah 14:1-9 A day of the LORD is
coming when your plunder will be divided among you. I will
gather all the nations to Jerusalem to fight against it; the
city will be captured, the houses ransacked, and the women
raped. Half of the city will go into exile, but the rest of the
people will not be taken from the city. Then the LORD will go
out and fight against those nations, as he fights in the day of
battle. On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives,
east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two
from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the
mountain moving north and half moving south. You will flee by my
mountain valley, for it will extend to Azel. You will flee as
you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of
Judah. Then the LORD my God will come, and all the holy ones
with him. On that day there will be no light, no cold or frost.
It will be a unique day, without daytime or nighttime--a day
known to the LORD. When evening comes, there will be light. On
that day living water will flow out from Jerusalem, half to the
eastern sea and half to the western sea, in summer and in
winter. The LORD will be king over the whole earth. On that day
there will be one LORD, and his name the only name.
Topic 8 - Israel will
repent when visited by the Messiah Yeshua (Jesus)
Zechariah 12:10 "And I will pour out on
the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of
grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have
pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only
child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a
firstborn son. On that day the weeping in Jerusalem will be
great, like the weeping of Hadad Rimmon in the plain of Megiddo.
The land will mourn, each clan by itself, with their wives by
themselves: the clan of the house of David and their wives, the
clan of the house of Nathan and their wives, the clan of the
house of Levi and their wives, the clan of Shimei and their
wives, and all the rest of the clans and their wives. "On that
day a fountain will be opened to the house of David and the
inhabitants of Jerusalem, to cleanse them from sin and impurity.
Topic 9 -
The Davidic Kingdom restored to Israel through the Messiah
37:24-25 "'My servant David will be king
over them, and they will all have one shepherd. They will follow
my laws and be careful to keep my decrees. They will live in the
land I gave to my servant Jacob, the land where your fathers
lived. They and their children and their children's children
will live there forever, and David my servant will be their
9:11 "In that day I will restore David's
fallen tent. I will repair its broken places, restore its ruins,
and build it as it used to be.
As for you, O watchtower of the flock, O stronghold of the
Daughter of Zion, the former dominion will be restored to you;
kingship will come to the Daughter of Jerusalem."
- A new temple of worship will be built on Mount Zion upon
43:6-7 While the man was standing beside
me, I heard someone speaking to me from inside the temple. He
said: "Son of man, this is the place of my throne and the place
for the soles of my feet. This is where I will live among the
Israelites forever. The house of Israel will never again defile
my holy name--neither they nor their kings--by their
prostitution and the lifeless idols of their kings at their high
"'The Levites who went far from me when Israel went astray and
who wandered from me after their idols must bear the
consequences of their sin. They may serve in my sanctuary,
having charge of the gates of the temple and serving in it; they
may slaughter the burnt offerings and sacrifices for the people
and stand before the people and serve them.
- World wide celebration of the Feast of Tablenacles (Succoth)
Zechariah 14:16-17 Then the survivors from
all the nations that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year
after year to worship the King, the LORD Almighty, and to
celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. If any of the peoples of the
earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD
Almighty, they will have no rain.
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