for Google language translations.
In the First Century AD, the Apostle John wrote an apocalyptic
book called "Revelation" in which he described among many "end-time" events the
collision of a star called Wormwood with Earth. Revelation states:
Rev. 8:10-11: The third angel
sounded his trumpet, and a great star, blazing like a torch, fell from the sky
on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water-- the name of the star is
Wormwood. A third of the waters turned bitter, and many people died from the
waters that had become bitter.
Wormwood is a botanical herb commonly known for its bitterness.
It was used as a pesticide, medicinal tonic and liqueur ingredient. The
term "wormwood" was often used to describe "extreme bitterness".
Let us consider the possibility of a "star"
turning the waters bitter on Earth. The term "star" in classical
terminology lacks the modern astronomical sense. It could have been
referring to a comet, asteroid, "sun-like" star or planet. Since the possibility of a planet
or sun colliding
with earth is infinitesimal, we will eliminate this possibility.
A Scientific Explanation For The Wormwood Star
The Wormwood prophecy
cites a "great star,
blazing like a torch". Comets are well known for their blazing tails, due
to ionization of their gases by the Sun. Either an asteroid or comet could
manifest a blazing tail on their entry into Earth's atmosphere. With
respect to a comet's impact with a planet, astronomers have recently tracked the
collision of the "Shoemaker-Levy 9" comet with the planet Jupiter and were able to confirm many of
scientific scenarios have been theorized on the effects of an asteroid or
comet's collision with Earth. An
applicable scenario theorizes a chemical change in the atmosphere due to "heat
shock" during entry and/or impact of a large asteroid or comet,
reacting oxygen and nitrogen in the atmosphere to produce nitric acid rain.
The bitterness produced by the Wormwood Star upon a third of the Earth's potable waters
could be the Biblical prediction of "acid rain" from the "heat shock" of a
large comet or asteroid's impact with Earth.
Hooper Natural Science Museum in Ottawa, Canada cites a scientific theory that
chemical changes" from the impact of an asteroid or comet with the Earth.
See the statement below:
In 1987 M.I.T. astronomers Ronald Prinn and
Bruce Fegley determined the atmospheric consequences of both large and small
asteroid and comet impacts. When an asteroid enters earth's atmosphere
there are two occurrences of extreme shock. The first occurs as the asteroid
enters the atmosphere. The second, more important one, occurs when the
ejecta plume (the ejected debris caused by an impact) enters the atmosphere
(Dr. Kevin Zahnle, 1990). This shock causes the breakdown of the oxygen (O2) and the
nitrogen (N2) molecules found in our atmosphere. Through a series of
chemical reactions the dissociation of the nitrogen and oxygen forms NO
which is then converted into NO2. These two molecules can produce
nitric acid rain
(HNO3). They assumed the "large" impact comet had a mass of 1.25 x 1016 Kg
traveling at a velocity of 65 Km/s. As for the "small" impact asteroid, they
assumed it had a mass of 5 x 1014 Kg traveling at a velocity of 20 Km/s. It
is important to note that these two objects are possible bolides that hit
the earth 65 million years ago.
Conclusions of the Large Comet Impact Scenario
If the "large" comet
impact scenario occurred, 7 x 1040
molecules of NO would have been produced and subsequently converted into
acid rain. (See chemical reactions) This would have caused a global
dispersal of acid rain with a pH of 0-1.5. On the continents the acid rain
would have weathered the soil removing many of the insoluble elements ( for
e.g. Be+2, Al+3, Hg+2, Cu+, Fe+2, Fe+3, Ti+3, Pb+2, Cd+2, Mn+2, Sr+2). These
elements would end up in soil water, streams, rivers, lakes, etc., causing a
problem as some of these elements are known for their toxicity towards
plants and animals (e.g. Al, Be, Ti, Hg). As for the oceans, the global acid
rain would lower the pH of the mixed layer (the top 75 M of the ocean) to a
pH of 7.8, breaking down the calcareous shells of organisms that thrive in
the mixing zone.
Conclusions of the Small
Asteroid Impact Scenario
If the "small" asteroid scenario were to
occur, the amount of acid rain produced would be similar to the "large"
comet scenario but only near the impact site. The global pH change would be
Above statement is referred to Reference Link #3 (Hooper Museum Website)
Tunguska, Siberia Catastrophe Shows Evidence
of Acid Rain
The Tunguska, Siberia meteor
strike catastrophe in 1908 evidently led to high levels of acid rain. This
is the conclusion reached by Russian, Italian and German researchers based
on the results of analyses of peat profiles taken from the disaster region.
"Extremely high temperatures occurred as the
meteorite entered the atmosphere, during which the oxygen in the atmosphere
reacted with nitrogen causing a build up of nitrogen oxides. The Tunguska
event is regarded as one of the biggest natural disasters of modern times.
On 30 June 1908 one or more explosions took place in the area close to the
Tunguska River north of Lake Baikal. The explosion(s) flattened around 80
million trees over an area of more than 2000 square kilometres. The strength
of the explosion is estimated to have been equivalent to between five and 30
megatons of TNT. That is more than a thousand times as powerful as the
There are a number of different theories about what caused the
catastrophe. However, the majority of scientists assume that it was caused
by a cosmic event, such as the impact of a meteorite, asteroid or comet.
The initial research publication by Evgeniy M. Kolesnikov of Lomonosov Moscow State University validates
the theory postulated by Prinn and Fegley of acid rain following the heat
shock of a meteor, asteroid or comet strike.
Conclusion of this Article
conclusion, the scientific scenario theorizing "acid rain" following a
large comet or asteroid impact with Earth is the best explanation for the
"Wormwood Star" prophecy existing today. Such information enhances the
credibility of the "Wormwood Star" prophecy and New Testament writings with
scientific theory and debunks many of the fanciful futuristic speculations
and symbolic interpretations. This scenario may be another instance of "Science
catching up with Biblical prophecy".
various links discussing asteroids and comets. I have focused particularly
on the scientific scenarios of a comet or asteroid colliding with Earth, causing
chemical changes in the atmosphere.
"Purdue Univ. Physics Dept." article on physical attributes of comets.
Hayden Planetarium website analysis of 1994 comet collision with the planet
Museum website article predicting "atmospheric chemical changes" with the impact
of a comet.
Bolide impacts, acid rain, and biospheric traumas at the Cretaceous-Tertiary
boundary, Ronald G. Prinn and Bruce Fegley Jr
Smithsonian/NASA article on possible "acid rain" effect of comet's collision
"Univ. of Bristol, Bristol, UK" website article on impact geology, physics and
chemistry of comets.
Evidence of acid rain supports meteorite theory" Physorg.com
Planet Earth", book by Trevor Palmer supports the Prinn & Fegley impact theory-
Cambridge Univ Press
- Catastrophism and Evolution" , book by Trevor Palmer with more support for
Prinn & Fegley impact theory - Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
More Amazon.com books on Science & Scripture (click)
Purchase Survival Supplies for Wormwood Star Acid Rain Event (click)
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